124120 – Principles of Chemistry

Recommended reading:

  1. General Chemistry, Petrucci, Hartwood and Herring, 8th (or 9th) ed, Prentice Hall 2002.
  2. Chemistry, Raymond Chang, 6th ed, McGraw Hill, Inc 1998.
  3. Chemistry, Jones and Atkins, 4th ed. W.H. Freeman, 2000

An approximate schedule of the topics to be covered:

Week    1: Basic chemistry

Introduction to chemistry, terminology, stoichiometry, formulas and reactions.

Week    2-3: Electronic structure of the atom

Electromagnetic radiation, photo-electric effect, Bohr model, light-matter duality (De-Broglie wavelength), the Schrödinger equation, atomic orbitals, quantum numbers, multielectron atoms, electron configuration (Hund rule and Pauli principle).

Week    4: Periodic trends

Periodic table- trends, blocks and atomic properties: atomic and ionic radius, ionization energy and electron affinity.

Week    5-6: The chemical bonds

Chemical bonding, Lewis configuration, dipole, resonance, VSEPR, hybridization and molecular geometry.

Week    7: Gases

Pressure, partial pressure, gas laws, ideal and nonideal gases and the kinetic theory of gases.

Week    8: Thermochemistry

Open/closed systems, heat, heat capacity, work, enthalpy, endothermic and exothermic reactions and Hess’s Law.

Week    9: Phases

Inter/intramolecular forces, dipole interactions, H-bonding, surface tension, capillary effect, phases of matter (vaporization, condensation, fusion, sublimation, boiling) and phase diagram

Week    10: Chemical equilibrium

Reversible reactions, Equilibrium constant, reaction Quotient, Le Chatelier’s principle and non soluble salts.

Week    11-12: Acids and bases

Water self-dissociation, Kw, pH, pOH, pKa, pKb, buffers, neutralization reactions and titrations.

Week    13: Oxidation and Reduction

Oxidation states and balancing REDOX equations.

Week    14: Relating Chemistry to other Fields

Chemistry in engineering, biotechnology and biology