The challenge of providing clean and potable water for the growing world population is one of today’s most important issues. Pollution and climate change are making water increasingly scarce, which makes its wastage especially troubling. According to the World Bank, an average of 25% to 30% of all urban drinking water is lost each year from drips and leaks.
To avert an imminent world crisis, many experts point to Israel’s innovative solutions for securing sustainable water resources despite its arid environment. This makes Technion—one of the world’s leading science and technology universities located in Haifa, Israel—an ideal place to learn about water and wastewater systems.
Here are 3 key trends in water and wastewater that you can learn by studying engineering abroad in Israel.
1. Through Engineering Studies, Israel Shows How to Overcome Climate Issues
We depend on a reliable, clean water supply for our own health as well as a variety of agricultural, manufacturing, energy production, and other purposes.
As deforestation, increased evaporation, and other effects of climate change reduce the quantity and quality of water all over the world, and present risks to related infrastructure, Israel’s expertise in this field is more necessary than ever.
Water sustainability has been an urgent priority in Israel since at least the early twentieth century when agriculture was the primary occupation. Traditional sources like the Sea of Galilee proved unreliable, prompting the launch of the Desalination Master Plan at the beginning of this millennium. Desalinated water now accounts for 80% of urban water consumption (40% overall) with thorough testing ensuring efficient energy use and minimal environmental impact.
2. Study Engineering Abroad in Israel to Learn How to Improve Water Efficiency
Israel also leads the world by a large margin in wastewater treatment, now recycling and reusing over 82% of household wastewater. The major challenge in recycling water is adequate treatment to ensure quality, although it is most commonly used for agricultural and other non-potable purposes. Ongoing studies test water quality and affected crops, but reverse osmosis membranes can remove pollutants remaining after other treatments.
When you study engineering abroad in Israel you’ll learn about the drip irrigation system; invented in Israel and now responsible for 90% of agricultural irrigation. Highly advanced methods include moisture-sensitive automation and new crop strains that provide exponentially greater yields for the same amount of water. Water conservation is an integral part of Israeli society and the country is a pioneering force in purifying sewage water and improving water quality in wells and contaminated aquifers.
3. Exploring Water Security Issues during Study in Israel in English
Ensuring the security and resiliency of water and wastewater infrastructure is a priority of industrial managers in this field. This involves appropriate assessment and responses to vulnerabilities due to natural disasters or other threats, and developing effective technologies for detecting and monitoring contaminants or leaks. For example, Israel is looking ahead 30 to 40 years to determine contingency plans, upgrading to electronic water meters that transmit consumption, pressure, and quality data to a central control system.
A variety of innovative water safety and sourcing methods can be learned in engineering studies in Israel. Students will also learn that water scarcity can be a motivation for international cooperation, as an Israeli proposal for a shared desalination plant with Jordan promotes peace and mutual water quality the region.
Are you interested in learning more about water and wastewater?
Contact Technion to learn how you can study in Israel in English.