Fundamental of physics of the atmosphere

Course Outline

Week 1: Introduction

Week 2: Thermodynamics of the atmosphere – psychrometry, adiabatic process in the atmosphere

Week 3: Atmospheric stability

Week 4: Radiative heat transfer – spectral properties, solar radiation (black body radiation, grey body radiation, solar constant), solar energy technologies

Week 5: Terrestrial radiation – earth radiative balance, greenhouse effect, earth & atmosphere radiative model

Week 6: Climate changes

Week 7: Dynamics of the atmosphere – GPF, Coriolis, geostrophic and gradient flows, cyclonic and anti-cyclonic flows, Ekman spiral, hydrostatic equilibrium, vertical motions at smaller scales

Week 8: Atmospheric phenomena at different spatiotemporal scales – global circulation, jet streams, Rossby waves, climate, El Nino/La Nina

Week 9: Introduction to synoptic phenomena and weather systems, air masses, highs, lows, fronts.

Week 10: Monsoon, hurricanes, heat transfer to the ground

Week 11: Mesoscale phenomena – sea-land breeze, mountain-valley breeze, katabatic wind, chinook wind, vorticity theorem – orographic induced changes in the wind direction

Week 12: Microscale phenomena – logarithmic wind profile, vertical fluxes, canopy flow.

Week 13: Local meteorological phenomena – heat islands, canyon streets, wind power